More about adverbs and their seven conventions in the English language.


Slaves helped robots come into existence in the English language. Now, there are terminators for these robots.

One of the common misconceptions is that all adverbs end in -ly. Even I had thought that before starting my English academic career. But, don’t blame yourselves. We are taught that in school. Remember the ELA (English language arts) teacher saying “if it ends in -ly, it’s an adverb.”

A long time ago in the Austro-Hungarian empire lived lords and peasants. A peasant was granted a plot of land by the lord to work. This included for the peasant to work their land and the lord who gave them the land. The bigger the plot, the longer the peasant had to work. This system was called robot and was abolished in 1848 by Emperor Josef II.

For those who can speak Dutch, German, or Spanish know what we are about to dive into: slave. Where did this word come from? It didn’t automatically come into the English language when our ancestors were putting the Native Americans and African natives to work in America centuries ago. Nope, but we can thank the Slavs.